Metastases to the pituitary gland

Metastases to the pituitary gland are secondary distant foci of malignant tumors. Clinically, more often manifested by diabetes insipidus, hypopituitarism, neurological disorders, depending on the direction of tumor growth.
Metastatic spread to the sellar region is caused by the blood supply to the pituitary gland directly from the systemic circulation.
Differential diagnosis is carried out with pituitary adenomas, tumors of the sellar and parasellar region.
Treatment consists of surgical removal followed by radiation and chemotherapy.