Glioma is a tumor of neuroectodermal origin. It is one of the most common primary brain tumors. Gliomas vary in degree of malignancy, histological features, the ability to progress, etc.

In the chiasmal-sellar region the most common are:

  • glioma of the optic nerves, sometimes germinating into the orbit;
  • 3rd ventricle bottom glioma;
  • astrocytoma;

Non-specific signs of gliomas in the pituitary gland include:

  • young age;
  • severe visual impairment;
  • relatively intact function of the pituitary gland;

Treatment of gliomas of the chiasmal-sellar region is usually surgical or radiation